4722040376 b9f779959b z Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa and global warming

This summit, together with our intrepid adventurers, will be the main protagonist of the trip, so let’s get to know the highest mountain in Africa, a mountain that, unfortunately, is threatened by the action of man.

Kilimanjaro is a mountain located in northeastern Tanzania and consists of three inactive volcanoes: the Shira in the west, 3962 m in altitude, the Mawenzi in the east, 5149 m and the Kibo, the most recent from the point of view. Geological view, located between both and whose peak, the Uhuru, rises to 5891,8 m and constitutes the highest point of Africa.

In addition to this fact, Kilimanjaro is known for the famous ice fields of its summit, as we can see in this spectacular image taken by NASA.

Unfortunately, ice fields are being dramatically reduced since the beginning of the 20th century and are estimated to disappear completely between 2020 and 2050.

The decrease in snow precipitation responsible for this decline is often attributed to global warming, in addition to an important process of deforestation.

Despite the creation of the Kilimanjaro National Park in 1973, and although this park plays an essential role in the bioclimatic regulation of the hydrological cycle, the forest belt continues to narrow, because the mountain is home to the Masai shepherds in the north And in the west, they need high-altitude meadows to graze their herds, and Chagga peasants to the south and east, who grow more and more extensive plots in the piedmont, despite a process of awareness initiated at the beginning of the twenty-first century.

 

 

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